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What is iliotibial band syndrome and how is it treated?

Iliotibial (IT) band syndrome is often caused by repetitively bending the knee during physical activities, such as running, cycling, swimming, and climbing. The IT band is a group of fibers that run the length of the upper leg, from the hip to the top of the shin.
The best treatment is often to stop doing the activity that is causing the pain. In more severe cases, surgical options may need to be considered.

Symptoms

1) Pain when running or doing other activities involving the outside of the knee
2) Aclicking sensation where the band rubs against the knee
3) Lingering pain after exercise
4) The knee is tender to touch
5) Tenderness in buttocks
6) Redness and warmth around the knee, especially the outer aspect

Treatment

IT band syndrome is often relatively easy to treat. There are two main types of treatment for the condition:

1) Reducing pain and swelling
2) Stretching and preventing further injury

Some of the most common ways to treat IT band syndrome include:

1) Resting and avoiding activities that aggravate the IT band
2) Applying ice to the IT band
3) Massage
4) Anti-inflammatory medications, which are often available over
the counter
5) Ultrasounds and electrotherapies to reduce tension

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